Handbook Of Horticulture Icar Pdf: A Comprehensive Guide for Horticulture Students and Professionals
Horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, spices, medicinal plants and other crops that require intensive care and management. Horticulture is an important sector of agriculture that contributes to food security, nutrition, health, income generation, environmental conservation and aesthetic value.
However, horticulture is also a challenging field that requires sound knowledge of various aspects such as crop production, plant protection, post-harvest technology, processing, marketing and extension. To acquire such knowledge, horticulture students and professionals need reliable and updated sources of information that can help them learn and apply the principles and practices of horticulture.
One such source is the Handbook of Horticulture, published by the Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 2001. This handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative reference book that covers all aspects of horticulture in India. It contains 1031 pages of information on various topics such as horticulture industry in India, principles of horticulture, propagation methods, nursery management, soil and water management, crop production, plant protection, post-harvest technology, processing and value addition, marketing and trade, extension and communication, horticultural statistics and glossary of horticultural terms.
The handbook is written by eminent experts in the field of horticulture and edited by Dr. K.L. Chadha, a renowned horticulturist and former Deputy Director General (Horticulture) of ICAR. The handbook is based on the latest research findings and recommendations of ICAR institutes and agricultural universities. It is designed to meet the needs of undergraduate and postgraduate students of horticulture as well as teachers, researchers, extension workers, entrepreneurs and policy makers involved in horticulture.
The handbook is available in both print and digital formats. The print version can be purchased from the Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, ICAR or from various bookstores across India. The digital version can be downloaded as a PDF file from the AGRIS website[^1^] or from other online sources[^3^]. The PDF file can be easily accessed on any device such as computer, laptop, tablet or smartphone.
The Handbook of Horticulture is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about horticulture or enhance their skills and knowledge in this field. It is a must-have book for every horticulture student and professional who wants to excel in their academic or professional career.
In this section, we will briefly review some of the main topics covered in the Handbook of Horticulture and highlight their importance and relevance for horticulture students and professionals.
Horticulture Industry in India
This chapter provides an overview of the horticulture industry in India, its history, development, status, potential and challenges. It also discusses the role of horticulture in national economy, food security, nutrition, employment, income generation and export. It highlights the achievements and contributions of ICAR and other organizations in promoting horticulture research, education and extension in India. It also outlines the future prospects and opportunities for horticulture development in India.
Principles of Horticulture
This chapter explains the basic concepts and principles of horticulture such as classification of horticultural crops, botanical and common names, origin and distribution, genetic diversity and improvement, climatic and soil requirements, growth and development, flowering and fruiting, plant nutrition and fertilization, plant water relations and irrigation, plant hormones and growth regulators, plant biotechnology and tissue culture. It also introduces the concepts of organic farming, precision farming, protected cultivation and hydroponics in horticulture.
This chapter describes the various methods of propagation of horticultural crops such as seeds, cuttings, layering, grafting, budding, micropropagation and somatic embryogenesis. It also explains the factors affecting propagation success such as seed quality, seed dormancy and germination, rooting media and hormones, scion-rootstock compatibility and aftercare. It also gives practical tips on how to propagate different types of horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants and spices.
This chapter deals with the establishment and management of nurseries for horticultural crops. It covers the topics such as site selection, layout and design, infrastructure and facilities, nursery stock production, nursery hygiene and sanitation, pest and disease management, quality control and certification. It also provides guidelines on how to raise different kinds of nursery plants such as seedlings, rooted cuttings, grafts and buddings.
Soil and Water Management
This chapter focuses on the soil and water management practices for horticultural crops. It covers the topics such as soil properties and classification, soil testing and analysis, soil fertility and nutrient management, soil conservation and improvement measures. It also covers the topics such as water sources and quality, 248dff8e21